Istanbul is a city with a reasonably rich history. It was once a capital city of Constantinople. The remnants of the famous Byzantine Empire are still found there today. If you are keen on the history of European civilization, you already know how Istanbul is important. The major attractions of this city are its magnificent monuments, which remind you of the history of civilization all the way from mediaeval times to today. Majority of attractions are situated in the district of Sultanahmet although you can find exciting sceneries elsewhere. You cannot say that you have been to in Istanbul if you have not visited the following sites.
1 Aya Sofya Monument
This monument was first built as a church. The empire of Byzantine, Justinian finished it in the year 536 AD. He is reported to have bragged that he had outdone King Solomon. Maybe he did outdo him because Aya Sofia church was very magnificent. Many believed that it was the center of the earth
The Ottoman armies converted it to a mosque during the conquest of Istanbul. It was however reconverted again to a museum in the 20th century.
2 The Topkapi Palace
Ancient monument of Topkapi palace was first built by the Mehmet the Conqueror. It is known worldwide for its display of rare Islamic arts; the courtyard is opulent with beautiful tiles and paintwork. If you want to know how sultan of Ottoman Empire lived in private, Topkapi Palace is the place to be.
3 Sultan Ahmet Camii mosque
Sultan Ahmet left a legacy of this intricate mosque. It was built for seven long years from 1609 to 1616. Its interior is decorated with thousands of Iznik tiles. These tiles make the mosque acquire a bluish hue.
4 Basilica Cistern
You will be surprised by the ingenuity and technology of the Byzantine Empire when you visit the basilica cistern. It is an enormous underground water storage hall. The cornerstone was laid by Constantine the Great and was finished in the 6th A.D
5 The Hippodrome
Constantine the Great finished this iconic monument in the year 330. It was meant to be the center of Byzantine public life because there are chariot races and other sport facilities. Today very little is left of this monument. Whatever is left is used to reconstruct the medieval life.
6 Istanbul Archaeology Museums
Istanbul national museum preserves important artifacts from all over the Middle East. It is divided in three portions: Ancient Orient, the actual museum and the artifact of Mehmet the Conqueror.
7 Suleymaniye Mosque
Suleymaniye Mosque is one of the most recognizable buildings in Istanbul because it is on a hill. The famous Ottoman cemetery is adjacent this iconic mosque.
Istanbul is a city from the past. It preserves the history of Asia and Europe combined. The monuments of this city are a must-see for lovers of culture and history. When you plan to visit Istanbul, make sure you have enough time for there is a lot to see.…